Volume 1, Issue 2 (7-2012)                   J Police Med 2012, 1(2): 89-96 | Back to browse issues page

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The relationship between HIV infection and perilous impulsive behaviors in injection Heroin addicts. J Police Med. 2012; 1 (2) :89-96
URL: http://jpmed.ir/article-1-76-en.html
Abstract:   (8962 Views)
Background: Intravenous Drug Abusers are prone to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome more than normal population. The aim of this study was investigating the association between HIV infection and perilous- impulsive behaviors in Heroin injection addicts. Materials and Methods: In a case-control study, 67 cases of injection Heroin addicts with HIV+ and HIV- from Shafaq rehabilitation center in Tehran were selected by using available sampling, and assigned to three groups of homeless heroin addicts with positive HIV and negative HIV injection Heroin and also homeness Heroin addicts with negative HIV. They were surveyed by Eysenck, Barrett’s questionnaires and Deal of test reduction. The collected data were analyzed in SPSS with using descriptive statistics and chi-square test (p ≤0/05). Results: Comparing impulsivity indexes in three groups reveals that only the impulsivity index of Eysenck is significantly different (P=0.05). Also three groups had significant different empathy index of Eysenck (P=0.04). In fact Impulsivity in homeless group with HIV+ and sympathy in homness group with HIV_ were the highest. Also there was also a relation between HIV infection and cost, history of imprisonment as well as how to get narcotics. Conclusion: High levels of impulsivity among intravenous addicts and the possibility of using shared needles among homeless addicts with human immunodeficiency virus can provide the circumanstances for further expansion of AIDS. Therefore, considering these indexes as prognostic factors of HIV infection in the strategic planning is proposed.
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Article Type: Original Research |
Received: 2012/01/24 | Accepted: 2014/04/29 | Published: 2014/04/29

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