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J Police Med 2022, 11(1) Back to browse issues page
Solutions to Implement Wearing Helmet Legislation: A Content Analysis
Leila Kouchakinejad-Eramsadati1, Sofia Heydari Kamroodi2, Enayatollah Homaie Rad3, Marieh Hosseinpour1, Naema Khodadadi-Hassankiadeh *4
1- Guilan Road Trauma Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
2- Department of Psychology, Farhangian University, Tehran, Iran
3- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
4- Neuroscience Research Center, Faculty of Medical, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran , n_khodadady@yahoo.com
English Extended Abstract:   (123 Views)
Aims: The degree of seriousness of the regulatory bodies is low in dealing with those who do not follow wearing helmet legislation. The purpose of this study was to explain the proposed solutions to solve the problem of implementing the wearing helmet legislation from the perspective of regulatory bodies and motorcyclists.

Materials and Methods: This qualitative study is a type of conventional content analysis that was conducted in Rasht, Iran in 2021. The tools for collecting experiences were open questions and semi-structured interviews. To identify the participants from the regulatory bodies, the method of brainstorming and fish blade curves were used. The selection of the rest of the participants was by snowball method. The selection of samples was done by observing the principle of maximum diversity to achieve a diverse range of experiences. Sampling continued until information saturation, i.e. lack of formation of classes and sub-classes and new information. Qualitative data analysis was performed using the three stages of Graham and Lundman's (2004) content analysis, including preparation, organization, and reporting of results. Lincoln and Guba's Evaluative Criteria were used to strengthen the results of the qualitative part.

Findings: The experiences of 20 male participants; 9 people from the regulatory bodies, 4 university faculty members, 3 traffic police, and 4 motorcyclists were registered. The results showed that the solutions for implementing the wearing helmet legislation with four categories named: hard, correction, support, and soft solutions and14 subclasses and 54 codes were formed.
Conclusion: The use of hard solutions such as the diligence and seriousness of the regulatory bodies in implementing the wearing helmet legislation and corrective solutions such as drafting new laws and amending existing laws, supporting solutions such as supporting the police and motorcyclists, and finally soft solutions such as education and cultural creation and the use of mass media are effective in implementing these laws.
Article number: 26
Keywords: Head Protective Devices [MeSH], Police [MeSH], Accidents [MeSH], Traffic [MeSH], Law Enforcement [MeSH]
Full-Text [PDF 481 kb]   (46 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Traffic Medicine
Received: 2022/05/21 | Accepted: 2022/07/20 | Published: 2022/08/3
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Kouchakinejad-Eramsadati L, Heydari Kamroodi S, Homaie Rad E, Hosseinpour M, Khodadadi-Hassankiadeh N. Solutions to Implement Wearing Helmet Legislation: A Content Analysis. J Police Med. 2022; 11 (1)
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Volume 11, Issue 1 (4-2022) Back to browse issues page
نشریه علمی پژوهشی طب انتظامی Journal of Police Medicine
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